Modern Surveying Instruments And Their Uses Pdf

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Surveying the land before a building is constructed is one of the most important parts of the building process. Before a building project takes place, land surveyors go to the site to determine the suitability of the location.

It is a necessity. There are several types of new equipment that have entered the profession in the past few years. Some are new items and some are upgraded. Surveyors and companies performing surveying services now use this new, modern, accurate and effective equipment.

Manual Of Modern Surveying Instruments Their Uses

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Instruments used in surveying include: Alidade Alidade table Cosmolabe Dioptra Dumpy level Engineer's chain Geodimeter Graphometer Groma surveying Laser scanning Level staff Measuring tape Plane table Pole surveying Prism surveying corner cube retroreflector Prismatic compass angle measurement Ramsden surveying instruments Ranging rod Surveyor's chain Tachymeter surveying Tape surveying Tellurometer Theodolite Half theodolite Plain theodolite Simple theodolite Great theodolite Non-transit theodolite Transit theodolite Seconds theodolite Electronic theodolite Mining theodolite Suspension theodolite Traveling theodolite Pibal theodolite Registering theodolite Gyro-theodolite Construction theodolite Photo-theodolite Robotic theodolite Vernier theodolite Total station Transit surveying Tripod surveying Universal instrument surveying See also [ edit ] Main category: Surveying instruments. Categories : Surveying instruments. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

It includes the determination of the measurement data, the reduction and interpretation of the data to usable form, and, conversely, the establishment of relative position and size according to given measurement requirements. Thus, surveying has two similar but opposite functions: 1 the determination of existing relative horizontal and vertical position, such as that used for the process of mapping , and 2 the establishment of marks to control construction or to indicate land boundaries. Surveying has been an essential element in the development of the human environment for so many centuries that its importance is often forgotten. It is an imperative requirement in the planning and execution of nearly every form of construction. Surveying was essential at the dawn of history, and some of the most significant scientific discoveries could never have been implemented were it not for the contribution of surveying. Its principal modern uses are in the fields of transportation , building , apportionment of land, and communications.

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List of surveying instruments

From determining property boundaries to preparing construction sites, surveyors rely on certain equipment to do their jobs properly. Below is a summary of eight different types of surveying equipment and their uses:. Taking accurate measurements is one of the most important tasks a land surveyor must complete. There is a variety of tools that can be used to take measurements including tapes, rulers , chains, and laser devices. Pocket tapes are ideal for small-scale measurements while measuring wheels , nylon coated steel tapes Nyclad tapes , and fiberglass tape measures can be used for larger distances. View Laser Technology, Inc. A compass is an essential piece of equipment when surveying in unfamiliar territory, backcountry, or just orienting your position on a map.

List of surveying instruments

Only problem associated with GPS is the problem of transmitting signals due to weather or other conditions. In EDM, the cutting tool is actually: a. There are many ways to measure distances by electronic means. EDM instruments are used in surveying to determine the linear distance between two points or station.

Types of Surveying Equipment & Their Uses

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