Morals And Manners In Islam Pdf

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Islam has rules of etiquette and an ethical code involving every aspect of life. Muslims refer to Adab as good manners , courtesy , respect , and appropriateness, covering acts such as entering or exiting a washroom, posture when sitting, and cleansing oneself. Practitioners of Islam are generally taught to follow some specific customs in their daily lives.

Adab (Islam)

Morality in Islam encompasses the concept of righteousness , good character , and the body of moral qualities and virtues prescribed in Islamic religious texts.

The principle and fundamental purpose of Islamic morality is love : love for God and love for God's creatures. The religious conception is that mankind will behave morally and treat each other in the best possible manner to please God.

Teachings on morality and moral conduct constitute a major part Islamic literature. The Quran and the Hadith — the central religious texts of Islam — serve as the primary source for these teachings. Showing kindness to people and charity to the poor and the helpless are the most emphasized moral virtues in the Quran. The Quran, which Muslims believe to be the verbatim word of God, serves as the primary source of moral teachings in Islam. Islamic secondary sources and later Islamic scholarly works have made detailed discussions and laid down detailed instructions on moral issues.

However, some general principles can be found in case of following morality. One typical Islamic teaching on morality is that imposing a penalty on an offender in proportion to their offense is permissible and just; but forgiving the offender is better. To go one step further by offering a favor to the offender is regarded the highest excellence.

Muhammad is reported as saying "It is not possible that you indulge in rebuking and reviling and remain righteous at the same time". Much emphasis has been attached in Islamic tradition on developing strong moral values. Faith is considered incomplete without having sense of morality. In other words, the prayers which can not keep a person away from wrongdoings are seen worthless. Islamic tradition holds that moral qualities and good actions elevate the status of a man.

Character primarily refers to the assemblage of qualities that distinguish one individual from another. Character can be good or bad. A good character is the one that has good moral qualities.

There was a debate among the early Islamic moralists as to whether character could be changed. They recognized the dual aspect of character — innate and acquired — and thus noted that with conscious practice it could be changed to a certain degree.

As a religion , Islam promotes the idea of good character as is evident from its canonical texts. The Quran describes Muhammad as being 'on exalted quality of character' Q [11] and refers to him as 'an excellent example' Q [12] which ultimately means that the religious and moral examples, set by Muhammad, are to be followed and cultivated by the Muslims in order to construct a morally good character. Imam Birgivi , a 16th-century Muslim scholar and moralist, says that 'To cure yourself of a bad feature of character is an obligation'.

According to Birgivi, changing of character depends on such things as 'a person's wish' and 'the strength of one's understanding', and the preservation of a good character requires the avoidance of the company of evil-charactered people who indulge into indecent activities, drunkenness, and meaningless gossip. Some of them are:. O Aisha, Never turn away any needy man from your door empty-handed. Love the poor; bring them near to you and God will bring you near to Him on the Day of Resurrection.

Numerous verses of the Quran and the sayings of Muhammad tell the Muslims to be generous with their wealth and to respond to the calls of the mankind's needs.

Muslims believe that spending wealth for others, especially for the needy, and helping people are a fundamental duty for them, [16] and these things earn God 's mercy and reward in the afterlife. Similarly, caring for one's kinsmen and neighbors has also been emphasized. The Quran says that the righteous are those people who fulfill their promises, and feed the needy, the orphans and the captive for the love of God At another place, it says "Those who in charity spend their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve" In a long hadith collected in Sahih Muslim , Jarir narrates that once they were with Muhammad when some poor people came.

They were ill-clad with torn dresses and were starving. When Muhammad saw them, the color of his face changed. He asked Bilal to assemble the people and then delivered a speech, and said "Everyone should give in charity dinar, dirham, cloth, dates, wheat, etc. Other people also brought things to be given in charity till there were two big heaps of eatable goods and clothes.

At that, the face of Muhammad glowed with joy. Miserliness is discouraged in Islam, [18] and the hoarding of wealth which is not used to redress the miseries of the needy and the poor is seen to be a cause of punishment in the afterlife. As a virtue, forgiveness is much celebrated in Islam, and is regarded as an important Muslim practice, inspired by both the Quran and the Sunnah.

The issue of forgiveness can take on two different forms: God's forgiveness for human beings for their sins , and forgiveness among fellow human beings for each other.

In the first instance, human beings have been asked to seek God's forgiveness for their sins, and they have been promised God's mercy and forgiveness. In the second instance, human beings have been encouraged to practice the act of forgiveness among themselves.

Those who practice the act of forgiveness have been promised reward by God. In Islamic context, to be tolerant of one another comes both as a teaching and an injunction which is to be cultivated at personal, social, and religious levels.

After its introduction in CE, Islam sought to moderate the violent attitudes, prevalent among the people of pre-Islamic Arabia , with the practice of tolerance and other virtues. It is the teaching of Islam that when faced with ill-treatment by any unwise person, a sensible person should be less reactive and more tolerant. The misbehavior of others should not provoke him to do the same.

Muhammad became displeased with such a request and advised them to be more tolerant. Muhammad understood his nature, showed tolerance to him, and satisfied him with more gifts, thus paving the way for the Bedouin to take lesson from this. After Ubayy's death, at his son's request, Muhammad offered his own shirt as Ubayy's shroud. On social and state levels, the importance of tolerance comes from the fact that it is related to such greater issues as peace and justice which are said to be the desired goal of Islam.

In , the Quran recognizes the diversity among people: 'O mankind! We created you from a single pair of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other not that ye may despise each other.

Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is he who is the most righteous of you. According to Islamic jurists, forced conversion is not possible in Islam because faith basically relates to heart, and not so much to external affairs. In Islam, honesty Implies maintaining sincerity and truthfulness in all actions, interactions, and transactions, and the issue of honesty touches almost all aspects of human life.

Here, honesty serves as an umbrella term having some basic components like speaking truth; fulfilling commitments, whether written or verbal; remaining truthful to one's word; rendering the assigned duty sincerely and as meticulously as possible; imparting everyone's due rights without the person's asking for it; being objective in evaluating any case and giving judgments; avoiding falsehood, deception, and favoritism. As Islam is a God-centered religion, honesty demands that it be maintained not only in public but also in private, not only when supervised but also when not supervised.

Correct measurement is to be maintained. Again, Muhammad has instructed that the sellers should put the commodities of poorer quality in clear display so that the customers are not deceived. The Quran and the hadith describe God as being kind and merciful to His creatures, and tell people to be kind likewise.

Numerous sayings of Muhammad tell the Muslims to be kind and merciful to the creatures of God. In Sahih Bukhari, it is said "He who is not merciful to others, will not be treated mercifully by God " Sahih al-Bukhari , Narrated in Sahih Muslim, Muhammad said, "Verily, Allah is mild and is fond of mildness, and He gives to the mild what He does not give to the harsh" [39] Sahih Muslim , He also said, "He who is deprived of kindness is in fact deprived of goodness Sahih Muslim , Muhammad has been described as being kind and compassionate to people and animals.

Biographies of Muhammad record incidences showing his kindness and leniency to others. Once, a man came to him and said that he had committed a certain sin. As reparation for his sin, Muhammad asked the man if he could free a slave upon which the man expressed his inability. Muhammad asked him if he could fast for two months upon which the man replied in the negative. Muhammad asked him again if he could feed sixty poor men upon which the man replied that he was even unable to do that.

In the meantime, a bag of dates was brought there as gift for Muhammad. Muhammad gave the bag of dates to the man and told him to distribute the dates among the poor as reparation. The man passionately said "who is poorer than me in Medina? Islam has prescribed kind treatment not only to humans but also to animals.

Similarly, cruelty towards animals can lead to punishment by God. He realized its plight, went down into a well, brought some water for the dog, and saved its life. God became pleased with him and pardoned all his previous sins Sahih al-Bukhari , It also narrates the story of a woman who locked up a cat.

She neither fed the cat nor set it free to feed for itself. For her cruelty, she was punished by God. To render justice ranks as the most noble of acts of devotion next to belief in God.

The Quran uses the words adl , qist , qast , wasat , and mizan in referring to justice , with the word adl being mostly used and literally meaning to straighten, to balance, to depart from wrong, or to be equal. The Quran at its two hundred places warns people against injustice, and at its one hundred places directs people to establishing justice. As his capacity as a prophet, the Quranic notion of justice was explained and translated into practice by Muhammad in dealing with various social issues, thus setting moral and legal examples and standards of justice in society and paving ways for the later Muslim theologians and scholars to "formulate theories of justice".

In Islamic sharia, fulfilling a contract is regarded as compulsory, [49] and is one of the three qualities necessary for becoming a true Muslim, [50] as the famous hadith says "Three are the signs of a hypocrite, even if he observed fast and prayed and asserted that he was a Muslim: when he spoke he told a lie, when he made promise he acted treacherously, and when he was trusted he betrayed" Sahih Muslim , Both the Quran and the hadith have attached importance to respect a contract once it has been made, and whether the other party is a Muslim or non-Muslim.

Business contracts and words are not to be breached in pursuance of more profits. Similarly, admonition has been issued against the non-payment of loans as it is said to ruin the afterlife of a believer. In Islamic tradition, fulfillment of promises has some other dimensions. Islamic belief holds that before creating humans in this world, God assembled their souls and asked them if He was not their Lord upon which they replied in the affirmative. Thus, accepting Allah as true God and following His commands in all sphere of life is regarded as the greatest fulfillment of that covenant.

Non-payment, partial payment, or manipulation of mahr jointure is seen as the disruption of marriage contract. If he dies and he has not paid her right, then on the Day of Judgment he will be presented before Allah as a rapist. And a man who has borrowed money from another man while he did not have the intention of re-paying the debt, then he has deceived him, and consequently he defrauded him.

If he dies in this condition, without paying back his debt, then he will meet Allah as a thief. Islam has strongly emphasized the concept of decency and modesty.

Morals And Manners In Islam

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Muslims believe Prophet Muhammad had a character as a model for all humanity to follow. The Quran describes the Prophet as:. By an act of mercy from God, you O' Prophet were gentle in your dealings with them - had you been harsh, or hard-hearted, they would have dispersed and left you - so pardon them and ask forgiveness for them. Consult with them about matters, then, when you have decided on a course of action, put your trust in God: God loves those who put their trust in Him? Quran

Islam has the unique capacity to transform its various theological tenets and values into practical and moral principles. In fact, the Islamic Shariah was specifically established with an eye to instilling gracious behavior and lofty morals among its adherents and to refine their characters, all of which contributes to general well being among people and throughout the land. These goals are aimed at guaranteeing a safe and peaceful existence for each person and protecting all aspects of the lives of individuals, whether in the arena of beliefs, wealth, honor, or peace of mind. According to Islam, human well being begins and ends with manners and morals. It begins with the call for people to accept guidance and righteousness and culminates in producing behaviors among human beings indicative of humanity, nobility, and love.

List of 75 Good Manners in The Quran

Morality in Islam encompasses the concept of righteousness , good character , and the body of moral qualities and virtues prescribed in Islamic religious texts. The principle and fundamental purpose of Islamic morality is love : love for God and love for God's creatures. The religious conception is that mankind will behave morally and treat each other in the best possible manner to please God. Teachings on morality and moral conduct constitute a major part Islamic literature.

This book was brought from archive. If you object to the publication of the book, please contact us. It contains topics as: his manners, his exemplary justice, his simple life, his love for the poor, his forgiveness shown to the non-Muslims.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. This compendium of rules regulating Islamic conduct at the personal, familial, social and other levels is a brief yet comprehensive handbook for Muslims and those non-Muslims interested in the Muslim way of life. Save to Library.

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