File Name: totalitarianism definition and meaning .zip
This video goes into detail about the similarities and differences between authoritarianism and totalitarianism. Authoritarianism is the opposite of individualism in democracy, marked by submission to authority. In this system, the political power is condensed into one authority figure, who has unchecked power. Totalitarianism is when the person in power seeks to control every aspect of public and private life.
The inadmissibility ground for immigrant membership in or affiliation with the Communist or any other totalitarian party is part of a broader set of laws passed by Congress to address threats to the safety and security of the United States. Its original purpose was to protect the United States against un-American and subversive activities that were considered threats to national security. In general, any immigrant who is or has been a member of or affiliated with the Communist or any other totalitarian party or subdivision or affiliate , domestic or foreign, is inadmissible. During and after World War I, the U. In , Congress sought to protect the internal security, national defense, and foreign relations of the United States by requiring that foreigners disseminating propaganda and alien ideologies be registered and identified. Near the onset of World War II, concern about the possibility of hostile foreign enemies living in the United States was on the rise. Congress also made it a crime for any person to attempt or conspire to commit such acts.
Totalitarianism is a concept   for a form of government or political system that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is regarded as the most extreme and complete form of authoritarianism. In totalitarian states, political power has often been held by autocrats i. Totalitarian regimes are often characterized by extensive political repression , a complete lack of democracy , widespread personality cultism , absolute control over the economy , massive censorship , mass surveillance , limited freedom of movement most notably freedom to leave the country and widespread use of state terrorism. Other aspects of a totalitarian regime include the use of concentration camps , repressive secret police , religious persecution or state atheism , the common practice of executions , fraudulent elections if they take place , possible possession of weapons of mass destruction and a potential for state-sponsored mass murder and genocides. Historian Robert Conquest describes a totalitarian state as one which recognizes no limit on its authority in any sphere of public or private life and it extends that authority to whatever length is feasible. Totalitarianism was first developed in the s by both Weimar jurist and later Nazi academic Carl Schmitt and concurrently the Italian fascists.
Totalitarian regimes and terrorist groups striving to create them are characterized by ideologies with lexicographic preference orderings. This means that they demand that their followers sacrifice everything, if required, including the lives of others and of themselves to reach the aims postulated. This means that the respective ideologies are usually very different, but that all follow a lexicographic preference order. This chapter studies the development, success, and demise of such regimes, which usually persecute, torture, and even kill nonbelievers, and often are engaged in bloody wars of expansion with many victims. This is also the case concerning their secularly or religiously based aims, which, moreover, characteristically control their behavior concerning the lifestyle of their populations, the arts, and their culture.
Totalitarianism refers to a political system in which all authority is in the hands of the state. In a totalitarian society, all control of public and private life are government run. First conceptually developed in the 's by Italian fascists, primarily Giovanni Amendola, totalitarianism has been present in a variety of movements throughout history. Initially, the term was spun to be positive and refer to the positive goals of states employing totalitarianism. However, Western civilizations most often did not agree with the concept of totalitarianism and a great deal of discourse regarding the topic became prevalent from within governments, inside classrooms, and at the dining room table. Some governments and movements that Westerners have accused of being totalitarian in nature include Nazi Germany, Soviets during communism, and the Stalinist movement in particular.
Totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and fascism are all forms of government—and defining different forms of government isn't as easy as it might seem. All nations have an official type of government as designated in the U. The USSR is more correctly classified as a socialist republic. In addition, the boundaries between various forms of government can be fluid or poorly-defined, often with overlapping characteristics. Such is the case with totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and fascism. This control extends to all political and financial matters as well as the attitudes, morals, and beliefs of the people.
Fascism , political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern Europe between and and that also had adherents in western Europe, the United States , South Africa , Japan , Latin America, and the Middle East. At the end of World War II , the major European fascist parties were broken up, and in some countries such as Italy and West Germany they were officially banned. Beginning in the late s, however, many fascist-oriented parties and movements were founded in Europe as well as in Latin America and South Africa. The word fascism comes from the Latin fasces , which denotes a bundle of wooden rods that typically included a protruding axe blade. In ancient Rome , lictors attendants to magistrates would hold the fasces as a symbol of the penal power of their magistrate. The first European fascist, Benito Mussolini , adopted this symbol both to recall the greatness of the Roman Empire and to reinforce his authority as the eventual dictator of Italy.
This definition has also several weaknesses. First, why should a monopoly party and a planned economy be nec- essary for a totalitarian regime? What happens, if.
Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Pronunciation Usage Guide. Ferrante, Joan. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Community after totalitarianism Navigation Menu. Navigation Menu. Publications Office of the EU.
The word "statism" and its adverbial form "statist" is a bit of a neologism. Its meaning can be summarized in the following way. The word "state" refers to centralized executive authority administration of laws, management of national budgets and maintenance of what is sometimes called "monopoly on violence" -- police and military establishments. Thus the words "statism" and "statist" describe institutions and political practices in which executive authority gathers increasing levels and varieties of power into its hands.
Examples of Totalitarianism
Box Office Administration Development Totalitarianism — a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state. Fascism — a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized government headed by a dictatorial leader. Though totalitarian states and fascism can be difficult to comprehend due to their spheres of influence, the movements share some core beliefs and actions. They require citizens to hold basic allegiances, such as to the nation, to national rank, and to a master race or group. Fascists aim to scapegoat and demonize specific groups.
Нам обоим грозит опасность. Сьюзан не верила ни единому его слову. Хейл подтянул ноги и немного приподнялся на корточках, желая переменить позу. Он открыл рот, чтобы что-то сказать, но сделать этого не успел. Когда Хейл перестал на нее давить, Сьюзан почувствовала, что ее онемевшие ноги ожили. Еще толком не отдавая себе отчета в своих действиях и повинуясь инстинкту, она резким движением согнула ноги и со всей силы ударила Хейла коленом в промежность, ощутив, как ее коленные чашечки впились в его мягкие незащищенные ткани. Хейл взвыл от боли, и все его тело сразу же обмякло.
Труп сдвинулся на несколько сантиметров. Он потянул сильнее. Труп сдвинулся еще чуть-чуть. Тогда Стратмор напрягся и рванул тело изо всех сил. Внезапно его швырнуло назад, и он больно ударился спиной о кожух генератора. Пытаясь подняться на ноги, Стратмор в ужасе смотрел на предмет, зажатый в его пальцах: это была рука Чатрукьяна, обломившаяся в локтевом суставе. Наверху Сьюзан ждала возвращения коммандера, сидя на диване в Третьем узле словно парализованная.
However, the motivation for such studies was limited to a desire to understand why totalitarian dictatorship could be preferred to liberal democratic forms and did.
Потребление энергии на среднем уровне. Последний шифр, введенный в ТРАНСТЕКСТ… - Она замолчала. - Что. - Забавно, - сказала .
Все это вранье, и ты это отлично знаешь. Скажи мне, что происходит.
Когда? - Он заржал. - Она давно уехала. Отправилась в аэропорт несколько часов. Самое место, где толкнуть колечко: богатые туристы и все такое прочее.