Managerial Leadership A Review Of Theory And Research Pdf

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Transactional leadership, also known as managerial leadership, focuses on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance.

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Paradox and Performance: Toward a Theory of Behavioral Complexity in Managerial Leadership

Do good leaders make good managers? Or is it the other way around? It's a chicken-and-egg question that has no clear-cut answer. However, one thing is for sure — while leadership and management are not the same, they both must go hand in hand. If managers are to be effective in their role, it is essential for them to imbibe certain leadership skills.

And if leaders want to lead successfully, they must know how to manage their followers — employees, peers, and stakeholders — so that they feel more inspired, empowered, and engaged, leading to a successful organization. Ultimately, both roles need an understanding of human behavior to create a more engaged workforce and more productive workplaces.

But before diving into the theories, let's see what leadership theories are all about. For decades, numerous studies have been focused on leadership, giving rise to several theories.

These theories are various schools of thought put forth by philosophers, researchers, and cognitive experts to explain what goes into the making of a leader. These theories shed light on the traits and behaviors that can help individuals cultivate their leadership abilities.

That said, here are some of the major leadership theories that every manager needs to know to stay on top of their game. This theory proposes that no one way or style of leadership may be applicable to all situations.

In other words, it recognizes that there might be variables influencing any particular situation, and a leader must choose the right course of action, taking into account those variables.

In this regard, leadership researchers White and Hodgson state, "Effective leadership is about striking the right balance between needs, context, and behavior.

Like the Contingency Theory, the Situational Theory stresses the importance of situational variables and doesn't consider anyone's leadership style to be better than the others. Put forward by US professor, Paul Hersey and leadership guru, Ken Blanchard, the situational theory is a combination of two factors — the leadership style and the maturity levels of the followers. According to this theory, different situations demand different styles of leadership and decision-making.

Leaders must act by judging the situation they are facing. The Transformational Leadership theory, also known as Relationship theories, focuses on the relationship between the leaders and followers.

This theory talks about the kind of leader who is inspirational and charismatic, encouraging their followers to transform and become better at a task. Transformational leaders typically motivated by their ability to show their followers the significance of the task and the higher good involved in performing it.

These leaders are not only focused on the team's performance but also give individual team members the required push to reach his or her potential. This leadership theories will help you to sharp your Skill. Transactional Theories, also referred to as Management theories or exchange theories of leadership, revolve around the role of supervision, organization, and teamwork.

These theories consider rewards and punishments as the basis for leadership actions. This is one of the oft-used theories in business, and the proponents of this leadership style use rewards and punishments to motivate employees. In the Behavioral Theory, the emphasis shifts from the traits or qualities of leaders to their behaviors and actions. In sharp contrast to the Great Man Theory and the trait approach to leadership, this theory considers effective leadership to be the result of many learned or acquired skills.

It proposes that an individual can learn to become a good leader. This is one of best leadership theories. This is one of the earliest leadership theories and is based on the assumption that leadership is an inborn phenomenon and that leaders are "born" rather than "made. This theory emphasizes leadership as a quality that you either possess or you don't; it isn't something that you can learn. While the theory sounds pretty discouraging to those wanting to learn the ropes of leadership, you might take heart in the fact that most modern theorists dismiss it and even by some leaders themselves.

This theory walks in the footsteps of the Great Man theory in assuming that leaders are born with traits that make them more suitable for the role of a leader than others who lack those natural-born traits. As such, the theory pinpoints certain qualities such as intelligence, accountability, sense of responsibility, and creativity, among others, that lets an individual excel at leadership.

One major flaw in the trait approach to leadership is that it doesn't offer a conclusive list of leadership traits. However, the credibility of the theory lies in the fact that the significance of personality traits in leadership is well supported by research.

Trait Theory of Leadership will help you to improve your leadership theories. As you can see, leadership theories are based on different ways of thinking. Some focus on traits and qualities, while some touch upon the importance of situational aspects that influence how leaders behave.

Like many other behavioral concepts, leadership is highly multi-dimensional, and there are numerous factors that go into filling the shoes of a leader. Because the human side of the business is one of the most — if not the most — important elements that determine the success and failure of an organization, leadership will always remain the most prized skill in the business world. If you want to up your managerial performance and boost your leadership capabilities, Simplilearn's Project Management Certification Training course can get you there.

The certification training course prepares professionals both aspiring and experienced ones for the very demanding PMP certification exam.

With eight industry case studies, 20 industry-based scenarios, 6 hands-on projects, and 7 simulation test papers questions each , the training helps all learners equip themselves with all they need not just to clear the exam, but also become an industry-ready practitioner. What is Agile Project Management? Video Tutorial. Next Article. Recommended Resources. PMP Certification Training.

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Managerial Leadership

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Yukl, G. Managerial leadership: A review of theory and research. Journal of Management, 15, While all leaders endorsed common leadership dimensions, cultural variation emerged on a factor consistent with a humane orientation and collaborative leadership style. Leaders of color and women leaders strongly embraced their ethnic and gender identities compared with White male leaders.


This article reviews and evaluates major theories of leadership and summarizes findings from empirical research on leadership. Major topics and controversies.


How a Transactional Leadership Style Works

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Do good leaders make good managers? Or is it the other way around? It's a chicken-and-egg question that has no clear-cut answer. However, one thing is for sure — while leadership and management are not the same, they both must go hand in hand.

Стратмор мужественно перенес разразившийся скандал, горячо защищая свои действия перед конгрессом.

4 Response
  1. Alexandre L.

    The concept of paradox has received increasing attention in the study of leadership, but these new ideas have not yet had much influence on empirical leadership research.

  2. Bennie J.

    PDF | This article reviews and evaluates major theories of leadership and summarizes findings from empirical research on leadership.

  3. Meuris T.

    review leadership theory and research include Leadership in Organizations by Address all correspondence to Gary Yukl, Department of Management, State.

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