Passive And Active Structural Vibration Control In Civil Engineering Pdf

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Invited Review: Recent developments in vibration control of building and bridge structures

Journal of Vibroengineering, Vol. This paper presents a state-of-the-art review of recent articles published on active, passive, semi-active and hybrid vibration control systems for structures under dynamic loadings primarily since Active control systems include active mass dampers, active tuned mass dampers, distributed mass dampers, and active tendon control.

Passive systems include tuned mass dampers TMD , particle TMD, tuned liquid particle damper, tuned liquid column damper TLCD , eddy-current TMD, tuned mass generator, tuned-inerter dampers, magnetic negative stiffness device, resetting passive stiffness damper, re-entering shape memory alloy damper, viscous wall dampers, viscoelastic dampers, and friction dampers. Semi-active systems include tuned liquid damper with floating roof, resettable variable stiffness TMD, variable friction dampers, semi-active TMD, magnetorheological dampers, leverage-type stiffness controllable mass damper, semi-active friction tendon.

Hybrid systems include shape memory alloys-liquid column damper, shape memory alloy-based damper, and TMD-high damping rubber. Keywords: structural vibration control, earthquake load, structural dynamic, vibration control algorithms, real-time tuning, energy dissipation system.

Main Control has been a key technology in many fields such as vehicle engineering [1], manufacturing [2, 3], and robotics [4, 5]. Many articles have recently been published about vibration control of structures subjected to dynamic loading such as strong ground motions. Fisco and Adeli [6] brought forward a state-of-the-art review of active control of structures including active tuned mass dampers ATMD , active tendon systems, active magnetorheological MR dampers, distributed actuators, piezoelectric dampers PDs , semi-active stiffness dampers SASD and semi-active tuned liquid column dampers up to Fisco and Adeli [7] reviewed hybrid vibration control systems including actuators with passive dampers, hybrid mass dampers, semi-active base isolators, and semi-active TLCDs with passive dampers with emphasis on implementation of practical and robust control algorithms such as Linear-Quadratic-Regulator LQR and linear-quadratic-Gaussian technique [], sliding mode Yeganeh-Fallah and Taghikhany, , neural network-based approach [12, 13], wavelet-based structural control algorithm introduced for the first time by [], and fuzzy logic FL controllers [] to find the magnitudes of the actuator forces.

Korkmaz [21] presented a review of active vibration control AVC systems in structures including active cable and tendon control, active strut control, aerodynamic appendages and ATMDs using different control algorithms applied to actuators and sensors. Gutierrez Soto and Adeli [23] presented a review of different placements of active, passive, semi-active and hybrid vibration control dampers in civil structures under different dynamic excitations.

Basu et al. It can be seen from the aforementioned articles that the field of structural vibration control is a very active area of research. This paper is a state-of-the-art review of recent articles published on active, passive, semi-active and hybrid vibration control systems for structures under dynamic loadings primarily since Structural control systems are used to decrease vibrational responses of structures due to various sorts of dynamic loadings such as traffic, winds, and earthquakes.

Investigations of the structural vibration control have escalated since s and a large number of methods and devices have been proposed and classified into active, passive and semi-active control systems. In an AVC system, the essential information of structural behaviour under dynamic loading is received by a controller through sensors, and actuators generate control forces to counter external motions [16, 26] Fig. In recent years, notable attempts have been devoted to the advancement of the active mass dampers AMD , active tuned mass dampers ATMD , active tendon control ATC , and distributed mass damper DMD vibration control systems in order to enhance serviceability and reduce the dynamic responses of civil engineering structures subjected to environmental loads such as wind and ground excitations.

A numerical algorithm that scans the peak responses in the time-domain for arrangements of control coefficients was used to tune proportional-integral-derivative PID parameters. It was shown the ATC system was effective for mitigation of maximum responses and obtaining a swift steady-state response. Amini et al. After testing the method on a story building subjected to near-fault motions, the results showed that, the proposed approach was effective to reduce the displacement response in real time.

Soleymani and Khodadadi [33] introduced an ATMD for vibration control of a story building under both seismic and wind motions. A multiobjective genetic-fuzzy algorithm [20] and an adaptive switching-type fuzzy controller were used to enhance the ATMD performance under dynamic excitations. Tinkir et al. Wang and Adeli [35] presented a filtered sliding mode control method to reduce the wind-induced response of high-rise buildings and applied it to a story building using an ATMD installed on the roof.

Ubertini et al. The AMD is made up of an electric torsional servomotor, a ball screw, a potentiometer and additional carried mass as displayed in Fig. Yang et al.

Components of ball screw used by Ubertini et al. Teng et al. To ensure the stability of the system, a formula for the maximum time-delay was established. Fu et al. A story building equipped with 20 DMDs was utilized as a test-bed. Authors report the active DMD performs better than the standard active control systems whilst utilizing similar amount of energy. The discrete wavelet transform DWT was implemented to specify the energy amount of the structural response in real time in a frequency band where the frequency was used in the Big Bang—Big Crunch algorithm to update adaptively the optimal values of the closed loop poles of the system.

The proposed WPA method was experimentally verified on a story building system, and also through numerical examples under several excitations. Yanik et al. No request to solve the nonlinear Riccati equation [9] was noted as the advantage of the control system. Omidi et al. The MPF was designed in order to control concurrently the vibrations of single and multi-resonant frequency. Nazarimofrad and Zahrai [43] developed a mathematical model to control the behaviour of irregular buildings subjected to earthquakes by means of active tendons using the LQR algorithm taking into account the soil-structure interaction effect.

Liu et al. Yavuz et al. The PID control algorithm was applied to detect the error signal value of actuator in each time step. Bakule et al.

Inordinate and unforeseen cable vibration of bridges is deleterious for the long-term serviceability and safety of bridge structures [47]. It may cause premature failure of connections as a result of fatigue or collapse of cable-corrosion-protection systems. Furthermore, vibration of stay cables will decrease public confidence. To eliminate or reduce destructive vibration of cable-stayed bridges, application of supplementary devices installed close to the cable anchorages has been used for quite some time.

More recently, control strategies have been proposed to actively suppress vibrations of cables. Kim and Adeli [48] presented a wavelet hybrid feedback-linear mean squared algorithm for vibration control of cable-stayed bridges.

Pereira et al. Most structural control papers assume linear structural behavior. Wang and Adeli [50] introduced a novel self-constructing wavelet neural network algorithm for nonlinear control of large structures using an adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control approach. Integration of the three main fields of computational intelligence, that is, neural networks, genetic algorithm, and fuzzy logic for solution of complicated pattern recognition problems was advanced in a seminal book by Adeli and Hung [51].

Mitchell et al. In the passive control approach, control devices are embedded or connected to the structural members Fig. Many investigators have studied the effectiveness and advantages of TMDs and have introduced different approaches to improve their robustness and effectiveness. The inerter system has been used earlier in vibration control through base isolation systems. Recently, Lazar et al. Jin et al. The comparison between Case 1 and Case 2 illustrated that for a larger mass ratio Case 2 had better performance than Case 1 while the opposite was true for a smaller mass ratio.

This form of Base Isolators Bis is big, weighty, and often costly. To overcome the problem, Tan et al. A particle damper PD consists of mass particles placed in a container. Once the structure vibrates, the particles play opposite to the structure primary system movement and hit the container walls; switching momentum and alleviating the primary system response. Papalou and Strepelias [64] investigated a technique to support multi-drum ancient columns using PD.

The proposed method introduced the utilization of PDs in the form of traditional drums having a hollow section encompassing particles. Two configurations of inerter-based passive vibration control: a a mass linked to a parallel damper and spring in series with an inerter Case 1 , b a traditional dynamic vibration absorber in series with an inerter Case 2 for vibration control of the beam-type structures proposed by Jin et al. Dai et al. Ruiz et al. A supplemental damping system was also considered for the TLD-FR like viscous damper VD to enhance the optimal damping for the shaken liquid.

Lu et al. Scheme of tuned liquid particle damper [65]. Min et al. Hejazi et al. Energy dissipating devices made of metals such as steel, Shape Memory Alloys SMAs , lead, and copper have been used to mitigate the seismic response of structures successfully. Qian et al. Briones and de la Llera [74] presented a copper-based bidirectional energy dissipation damper where the device cyclic response demonstrated that the damper has a good deformation capacity to dissipate energy before failure.

Walsh et al. Re-centring SMA damper using nitinol wires proposed by Qian et al. RPSD configuration using the rack-lever mechanism presented by Walsh et al. Viscoelastic passive energy dissipation devices have been used as effective tools for earthquake-induced vibration control in buildings. Yamamoto and Sone [76] proposed a combination use of metallic yielding component with viscoelastic damper installed in three different frame systems.

Shi and Zhu [77] presented two schemes of passive NSDs by means of magnetism, called Magnetic Negative Stiffness Dampers, composed of a number of constant magnets set into a conductive pipe as shown in Fig.

The proof of concept laboratory tests were conducted on an MTS machine where a cyclic displacement was applied to the prototype. Two different types of magnetic negative stiffness dampers composed of a number of constant magnets set into a conductive pipe proposed by Shi and Zhu [77]. Applications of passive control systems in bridge engineering has attracted many attentions in terms of proposing innovative control devices. Passive control systems have proven to be effective in reducing the cable vibrations as the control system can be adjusted for maximum damping ratio.

Yan et al. Miguel et al. They evaluated the proposal on two footbridges under human-induced vibrations where locations and forces of FDs were the design variables. Takeya et al. An electromagnetic transducer was applied to use the unused energy reserve of the damper. Moreover, TMG was tuned through multi-domain parameter design approach for both the power generation and energy storage. Camara et al.

Invited Review: Recent developments in vibration control of building and bridge structures

Rentzos, P. Active vibration control of civil engineering structures. Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London. This thesis is in the area of active vibration control of Civil Engineering structures subject to earthquake loading. Existing structural control methods and technologies including passive, active, semi-active and hybrid control are first introduced. An extensive analysis of a frame-pendulum model is developed and analysed to investigate under what conditions effective energy dissipation is achieved in Tuned Mass Damper systems and the limitation of these devices under stiffness degradation when the structure enters the inelastic region.

City Research Online

In the recent years, much attention has been paid to the research and development of structural control techniques with particular emphasis on alleviation of wind and seismic responses of buildings and bridges in China. Structural control in civil engineering has been developed from the concept into a workable technology and applied into practical engineering structures. The aim of this paper is to review a state of the art of researches and applications of structural control in civil engineering in China. It includes the passive control, active control, hybrid controland semiactive control.

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In earthquake engineering , vibration control is a set of technical means aimed to mitigate seismic impacts in building and non-building structures. All seismic vibration control devices may be classified as passive , active or hybrid [1] where:. However, the remaining portions of the incident waves during a major earthquake still bear a huge devastating potential.

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A typical engineering task during the development of any system is, among others, to improve its performance in terms of cost and response. Improvements can be achieved either by simply using design rules based on the experience or in an automated way by using optimization methods that lead to optimum designs. Design Optimization of Active and Passive Structural Control Systems includes Earthquake Engineering and Tuned Mass Damper research topics into a volume taking advantage of the connecting link between them, which is optimization. This is a publication addressing the design optimization of active and passive control systems. This title is perfect for engineers, professionals, professors, and students alike, providing cutting edge research and applications. Structural control systems are designed to protect buildings, bridges, power plants, and other structures during earthquakes, and provide an alternative to conventional structural design methods. Pivoting on the concept of optimization, engineers here discuss various aspects of active and passive versions.

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4 Response
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  2. Albertine V.

    Base isolation, passive energy dissipation and active control represent three innovative technologies for protection of structures under.

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