File Name: history and scope of animal biotechnology .zip
Animal agriculture is being transformed by rapid advances in biotechnology—a term that encompasses a variety of technologies, including genetic engineering GE , genetic modification, transgenics, recombinant DNA techniques, and cloning, among others.
- Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues
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Biotechnology is a broad area of biology , involving the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products. Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with related scientific fields.
To ensure the site displays correctly, please use a more modern browser, like Firefox or Google Chrome. Animal biotechnology is the use of science and engineering to modify living organisms. The goal is to make products, to improve animals and to develop microorganisms for specific agricultural uses. Examples of animal biotechnology include creating transgenic animals animals with one or more genes introduced by human intervention , using gene knock out technology to make animals with a specific inactivated gene and producing nearly identical animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer or cloning. The animal biotechnology in use today is built on a long history. Some of the first biotechnology in use includes traditional breeding techniques that date back to B.
Concepts of Biotechnology 2. This monograph will focus only on agricultural crop biotechnology. Antibiotics are chemicals produced by bacteria and fungi that inhibit or kill other microbes. Two smaller trade associations merge to form the Biotechnology Industry Organization, an international biotechnology advocacy group. Environmental Biotechnology: A Biosystems Approach 2. Scope and importance in crop improvement 4.
The below mentioned article will highlight the scope and branches of biotechnology. Biotechnology has rapidly emerged as an area of activities having marked impact on all aspects of human welfare ranging from food processing, protecting the environment, human health to quality of human life throughout the world. As we can say the 20th century was the era of electronics, similarly 21st century can be designated as the era of biotechnology. Biotechnology basically aims at improving the quality of human life and at protecting him from dangerous diseases. It deals with the development of transgenic animals for increased milk or meat production with resistance to various diseases. It also deals with in vitro fertilization of egg and transfer of embryo to the womb of female animal for further development. It deals with diagnosis of various diseases; large scale production of various drugs and hormones such as human insulin and interferon; vaccines for chicken pox, rabies, polio etc.
Biotechnology , the use of biology to solve problems and make useful products. The most prominent area of biotechnology is the production of therapeutic proteins and other drugs through genetic engineering. Biotechnology is particularly important in the field of medicine, where it facilitates the production of therapeutic proteins and other drugs. Synthetic insulin and synthetic growth hormone and diagnostic tests to detect various diseases are just some examples of how biotechnology is impacting medicine. Biotechnology has also proved helpful in refining industrial processes, in environmental cleanup, and in agricultural production. Humans have also long tapped the biological processes of microorganisms to make bread, alcoholic beverages, and cheese. People have been harnessing biological processes to improve their quality of life for some 10, years, beginning with the first agricultural communities.
The applications of biotechnology includes plant tissue culture, production of transgenic in animal and plants, applications in medicine as tools and therapeutics, creation of new enzymes and their immobilization for industrial use, development of monoclonal antibodies and control of pollutions, etc. The document focuses on the development and application of modern biotechnology based on new enabling techniques of recombinant-DNA technology, often referred to as genetic engineering. The history of biotechnology begins with zymotechnology, which commenced with a focus on brewing techniques for beer. By World War I, however, zymotechnology would expand to tackle larger industrial issues, and the potential of industrial fermentation gave rise to biotechnology. The oldest biotechnological processes are found in microbial fermentations, as born out by a Babylonian tablet circa B. In about B. The Sumerians were able to brew as many as twenty types of beer in the third millennium B.
Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues
Scope and importance in crop improvement 4. It has been used to: bake bread, brew alcoholic beverages, … Tissue culture and its history 3. The most prominent area of biotechnology is the production of therapeutic proteins and other drugs through genetic engineering. Biotechnology can be broadly defined as "using organisms or their products for commercial purposes.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Five overarching concerns of animal biotechnology dominated discussions before the committee. The first was whether anything theoretically could go wrong with any of the technologies. For example, is it theoretically possible that a vector used for gene transfer could escape and become integrated into the DNA of another organism and thereby create a hazard? The second was whether the food and other products of animal biotechnology, whether genetically engineered or not, or from clones, are substantially different from those derived by more traditional, extant technologies. A third major concern was whether the technologies raise novel environmental issues, and a fourth was whether they raise animal welfare issues.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Five overarching concerns of animal biotechnology dominated discussions before the committee. The first was whether anything theoretically could go wrong with any of the technologies.
The Technology Involved
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