File Name: climate change and food security in india .zip
- Climate Change and Food Security in South Asia
- Food security, farming, and climate change to 2050
- Climate Change and Food Security in the Pacific
Climate Change and Food Security in South Asia
India has been perceived as a development enigma: Recent rates of economic growth have not been matched by similar rates in health and nutritional improvements. To meet the second Sustainable Development Goal SDG2 of achieving zero hunger by , India faces a substantial challenge in meeting basic nutritional needs in addition to addressing population, environmental and dietary pressures. To better understand the potential of reduced food chain losses and improved crop yields to close future food deficits, scenario analysis was conducted to and The extent of projected shortfalls continues to grow such that, even in ambitious waste reduction and yield scenarios, enhanced domestic production alone will be inadequate in closing the nutrition supply gap. We suggest that to meet SDG2 India will need to take a combined approach of optimising domestic production and increasing its participation in global trade. An important element of this goal is to end all forms of malnutrition, including agreed targets on childhood stunting and wasting. This represents an important progression beyond the Millennium Development Goals MDGs , where food security was defined and measured solely on the basis of basic energy requirements caloric intake , and prevalence of underweight children [ 1 ].
Food security, farming, and climate change to 2050
As the global population grows and incomes in poor countries rise, so too, will the demand for food, placing additional pressure on sustainable food production. Climate change adds a further challenge, as changes in temperature and precipitation threaten agricultural productivity and the capacity to feed the world's population. This study assesses how serious the danger to food security might be and suggests some steps policymakers can take to remedy the situation. Using various modeling techniques, the authors project 15 different future scenarios for food security through Each scenario involves an alternative combination of potential population and income growth and climate change. The authors also examine the specific test case of a hypothetical extended drought in South Asia, to demonstrate the possible effects of increased climate variability on a particular world region.
Climate Change and Food Security in the Pacific
Food security  is a measure of the availability of food and individuals' ability to access it. There is evidence of food security being a concern many thousands of years ago, with central authorities in ancient China and ancient Egypt being known to release food from storage in times of famine. At the World Food Conference the term "food security" was defined with an emphasis on supply; food security is defined as the "availability at all times of adequate, nourishing, diverse, balanced and moderate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices". The final report of the World Food Summit states that food security "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
Global Food Security Index Addressing structural inequalities to build strong and sustainable food systems. Global Food Security Index An annual measure of the state of global food security. Global Food Security Index An annual measure of the state of global food security infographic.
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Source: Andrew J. Challinor et al. Addressing food system impacts from climate change is not merely an environmental challenge, it is a human development imperative.
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Climate change negatively affects all four pillars of food security: availability, access, utilisation and stability. Food availability may be reduced by negative climate change impacts on productivity of crops, livestock and fish, due, for instance, to increases in temperature and changes in rainfall patterns. Productivity is also negatively affected by increased pests and diseases, as well as changing distributions of pollinators under climate change. Food access and its stability may be affected through disruption of markets, prices, infrastructure, transport, manufacture, and retail, as well as direct and indirect changes in income and food purchasing power of low-income consumers. Food utilisation may be directly affected by climate change due to increases in mycotoxins in food and feed with rising temperatures and increased frequencies of extreme events, and indirectly through effects on health.
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