Scarcity And Survival In Central America Ecological Origins Of The Soccer War Pdf

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This study illustrates the impact of prepackaged pharmaceutical products, usually manufactured by multinational firms, on the health care sector of developing market economies. In many Third World countries Western biomedical practitioners do not exercise the degree of control over the use of one of their major healing resources, prescription medications, that is characteristic in most Western developed countries.

Commercial pharmaceutical medicine and medicalization: A case study from El Salvador

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The term "Central America" is often used to designate the region stretching southeastward from the isthmus of Tehuantepec, in Mexico, to the boundary between Panama and Colombia. Historically, however, it has more often been used with reference to the five states that once made up the Central American federation—Guatemala, El Salvador , Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica —but also including Belize, which has long been claimed by Guatemala. The Spanish colonial Kingdom of Guatemala also included the area occupied by the present-day Mexican state of Chiapas; that state is sometimes included in considerations of Central America. And since its independence from Colombia in , Panama has increasingly been thought of politically as well as geographically as a part of Central America. Before the arrival of the Europeans, Central America, an archaeological bridge between North and South America , was home to a variety of nomadic and sedentary peoples.

Football War

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Billie R. DeWalt, Susan C. Stonich, and Sarah L. The population of Honduras in was estimated at 4. During the same period, the country experienced environmental destruction on a grand scale.

Salvadoran troops were withdrawn in early August. Although the nickname "Football War" implies that the conflict was due to a football match, the causes of the war go much deeper. The roots were issues over land reform in Honduras and immigration and demographic problems in El Salvador. Honduras is more than five times the size of neighboring El Salvador, but in the population of El Salvador 3. At the beginning of the 20th century, Salvadorans had begun migrating to Honduras in large numbers. By more than , Salvadorans were living in Honduras.

Human Organization 1 March ; 50 1 : 16— Past observers attributed Belize's record of national deficits in staple crop production to the country's colonial legacy of suppressed agriculture and underdeveloped infrastructure. Yet following marketing policy revisions in the mids, Belizean agriculture was able to satisfy the country's requirements for basic staples, suggesting that cultural-historical factors need not preclude food self-sufficiency. Since food shortfalls and importation have once again developed following the abandonment of earlier incentives for staple production. Marketing policies in agriculture are constrained by patterns of capital accumulation distinctive to peripheral economies as well as Belize's position within the world economy. While the former requires the provision of low-cost food to wage-earning sectors, the latter precludes price incentives for staple crop producers. The effects of these constraints are illustrated with longitudinal data from rural Stann Creek district in southern Belize.


Cover of Scarcity and Survival in Central America by William H. Durham. Scarcity and Survival in Central America. Ecological Origins of the Soccer War. William.


Commercial pharmaceutical medicine and medicalization: A case study from El Salvador

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On July 14, , Honduras and El Salvador went to war. The bitterly contested first match played at Tegucigelpa, Honduras saw the Hondurans beat the El Salvadorans during the last minute of play, giving them a win. The populace went wild. Fights broke out between the respective loyalists.

Looking at both population and land tenure dynamics in their historical context, this study challenges the view that the conflict between El Salvador and Honduras was primarily a response to population pressure. The author demonstrates that land scarcity, a principal cause of the war, was largely a product of the concentration of landholdings. The analysis focuses on the emigration of , Salvadoreans to Honduras in the years before the war, inquiring into the reasons for the emigration, its impact on local agricultural economies, and its relation to the conflict. Answers to these questions are based on a new interpretation of national statistics and on original survey research in peasant communities. The author has used an interdisciplinary approach, drawing on the perspectives of anthropology, ecology, history, demography, and geography.

Я не сказал ему про спутницу.  - Взмахом руки Клушар величественно отверг вопрос Беккера.  - Они не преступницы - глупо было бы искать их, как обычных жуликов.

Его руки крепче сжали ее шею. - Я сейчас ее убью. Сзади щелкнул взведенный курок беретты.

Все, что полицейский мог сделать, - это проводить его до маленькой муниципальной клиники неподалеку от парка. Там он его и оставил. - Думаю, нет нужды спрашивать, куда направился Дэвид, - хмуро сказала .

 Н-но… - Сьюзан произнесла слова медленно.  - Я видела сообщение… в нем говорилось… Смит кивнул: - Мы тоже прочитали это сообщение. Халохот рано принялся считать цыплят. - Но кровь… - Поверхностная царапина, мадам.

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Голый ландшафт испанской нижней Эстремадуры бежал за окном, слившись в неразличимый фон, затем замедлил свой бег.

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