File Name: ethiopian institution of ombudsman protection and enforcemnt of human research right.zip
A national human rights institution NHRI or national human rights commission NHRC is an independent institution bestowed with the responsibility to broadly protect, monitor and promote human rights in a given country. The secretariat to the review process for initial accreditation, and reaccreditation every five years is provided by the National Institutions and Regional Mechanisms Section of the OHCHR.
- The Ombudsman, Good Governance and Human Rights in Africa, Asia and the Pacific Region
- Protection of human rights : Procedure 104
- Enforcement of Constitutional Bills of Rights in the Regional States of Ethiopia
The Ombudsman, Good Governance and Human Rights in Africa, Asia and the Pacific Region
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In the same vein, all these rights are enshrined in all regional constitutions. Nevertheless, the human and democratic rights chapters under the federal Constitution and regional constitutions do not explicitly provide remedies for violations and the process of making claims before courts of law, other than in the broader framework of a right of access to justice. On the other hand, several scholars criticise courts for not being proactive in the interpretation and application of constitutional bill of rights.
This article investigates the enforcement of constitutional human rights by courts in the regional states of Ethiopia, taking the State of Tigray as a case study. Grounded in empirical inputs, the researchers argue that despite a comprehensive recognition of rights in the federal and regional Constitutions, there is little space or institutional proclivity in the enforcement of a constitutional bill of rights by courts in Tigray. The practice of courts in the region reveals that constitutional bills of rights are invoked very rarely and extremely selectively, this being evidenced by the little reference made to constitutional provisions by courts of law in proceedings and decisions.
This gives way to a concerning jurisprudential dearth in constitutional rights litigation in the State of Tigray, although, on the contrary, an increasing trend of constitutional rights-based claims submitted before the Constitutional Commission is also found. Reference Works. Primary source collections. Open Access Content. Contact us. Sales contacts. Publishing contacts. Social Media Overview. Terms and Conditions. Privacy Statement. Login to my Brill account Create Brill Account.
Authors: Mekonnen Fisseha and Gebrehiwot Hadush. Login via Institution. Purchase instant access PDF download and unlimited online access :. Add to Cart. Save Cite Email this content Share link with colleague or librarian You can email a link to this page to a colleague or librarian:. The link was not copied. Your current browser may not support copying via this button. Human Rights and Humanitarian Law.
Human Rights. International Law. International Law: Regional Perspectives. Table of Contents. Sign in to annotate. Delete Cancel Save. Cancel Save.
Protection of human rights : Procedure 104
Throughout the mission, in which I evaluated the situation of freedom of opinion and expression in the country today, I met with Government officials, members of Parliament and the Judiciary, human rights defenders and academics in civil society, journalists, students and other participants in the rapid legal, institutional and political change taking place in Ethiopia today. At the end of a productive and illuminating visit, for which the Government offered considerable support and facilitation, and for which I offer my gratitude, I express my hope that this is the first of a long list of such visits, by my mandate and other UN experts reporting to the Human Rights Council. I supply further details and background at the conclusion of this statement. Ethiopia is a vast and diverse country marked by the excitement, uncertainty and, in some quarters, fear of what one close observer called "tectonic" shifts in the institutional, legal and political environments. Beginning in April , Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ended the state of emergency, released journalists, activists and opposition figures from prison, legalized civil society organizations, and halted rampant government censorship.
Accordingly, in the Executive Board of UNESCO laid down a confidential procedure for the examination of communications complaints received by the Organization concerning alleged violations of human rights in its fields of competence, namely education, science, culture and communication. This procedure has certain specific features in comparison with similar procedures existing in other agencies of the United Nations system:. Individuals, groups of individuals and non-governmental organizations may submit communications complaints to UNESCO concerning violations of human rights, whether the authors of these communications are themselves victims of such violations or whether they deem to have reliable knowledge of such violations. The Committee on Conventions and Recommendations examines communications in private session. In the first instance, it examines the admissibility of the communications. Thus, for a communication to be admissible, it must, inter alia, meet the following conditions:. The Committee then proceeds to examine the substance of the communications.
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Enforcement of Constitutional Bills of Rights in the Regional States of Ethiopia
The justiciability of human rights in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Sisay Alemahu Yeshanew. Making human rights domestically justiciable by clearly defining their content and subjecting them to judicial and quasi-judicial mechanisms of enforcement is important for their effective protection. Although a legal framework for the justiciability of human rights exists in Ethiopia, the judicial practice reveals some problems. Lawyers and courts tend to avoid invoking and applying human rights provisions in the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and ratified international human rights treaties which form part of the law of the land.
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Alice M. In this article we consider existing research and knowledge about the protection of HRDs, highlight the contributions of the policy and practice notes in this collection, and put forward current issues and questions on the protection of HRDs for further exploration. In the last section of this article, we highlight the importance of more collaboration between academics, practitioners and HRDs for the effective evolution of protection mechanisms and practices.
Both the classical and human rights ombudsman can be categorized as national human rights institutions, along with the human rights commission and specialized institutions. This Chapter will define national human rights institutions and examine the attention paid by major international organizations to the ombudsman and other national human rights institutions.
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