# Cost Accounting Fifo And Lifo Method Pdf

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When it comes time for businesses to account for their inventory, businesses may use the following three primary accounting methodologies:.

## First In First Out (FIFO)

Inventory valuation is a calculation of the value of the products or materials contained in a company's inventory at the end of a particular accounting period. QuickBooks Commerce's inventory management software will help you take control of your business with products, orders, relationships and insights in one place! Start a free trial. In other words, the oldest inventory items are sold first. The last-in-first-out LIFO inventory valuation method assumes that the most recently purchased or manufactured items are sold first — so the exact opposite of the FIFO method. When the prices of goods increase, Cost of Goods Sold in the LIFO method is relatively higher and ending inventory balance is relatively lower. Under the GAAP, inventory is recorded as cost or market value — whichever is less.

The Delta company uses a periodic inventory system. The beginning balance of inventory and purchases made by the company during the month of July, are given below:. Required: Compute inventory on July 31, and cost of goods sold for the month of July using following inventory costing methods:. Computation of inventory on July 31, i, e. Alternatively, we can compute cost of goods sold COGS using earliest cost method as follows:.

Lifo fifo problems with solutions pdf india. Home About My account Contact Us. The order in which elements come off a stack gives rise to its alternative name, LIFO last in, first out. The operations of a queue make it a first-in-first-out FIFO data structure. When students have the English-language PDF of this Brief Case in a coursepack, they will also have the option to purchase an audio version.

## How to Calculate FIFO and LIFO

Inventories are the largest current asset of any business. These are two mostly used inventory methods for record keeping that are feasible on accounting standards. Inventory accounting assigns values and revenue figures that helps one to take good business decisions for a long-term. It also helps to keep an eye on the accounting profit. Therefore, it becomes necessary to create a record containing acquisition price, capital gains, current costs and operating expenses. Valuating inventory equations is a process through which companies or businesses offer monetary inventory value for their commodities and generate accurate financial statements. It is important to maintain accurate accounting records.

There are four accepted methods of costing items: specific identification; first-in, first-out; last-in, first-out; and weighted-average. Review the differences between the four cost accounting methods and demonstrate how to calculate the cost of goods sold. Cost accounting information is designed for managers. Since managers are making decisions only for their own organization, there is no need for the information to be comparable to similar information from other organizations. Instead, the important criterion is that the information must be relevant for decisions that managers, operating in a particular environment of business including strategy, make. Cost accounting information is commonly used in financial accounting information, but first we are concentrating on its use by managers to take decisions. The accountants who handle the cost accounting information add value by providing good information to managers who are making decisions.

## FIFO and LIFO accounting

To calculate FIFO First-In, First Out determine the cost of your oldest inventory and multiply that cost by the amount of inventory sold, whereas to calculate LIFO Last-in, First-Out determine the cost of your most recent inventory and multiply it by the amount of inventory sold. NOTE: FreshBooks Support team members are not certified income tax or accounting professionals and cannot provide advice in these areas, outside of supporting questions about FreshBooks. If you need income tax advice please contact an accountant in your area.

FIFO and LIFO accounting are methods used in managing inventory and financial matters involving the amount of money a company has to have tied up within inventory of produced goods, raw materials, parts, components, or feedstocks. They are used to manage assumptions of costs related to inventory, stock repurchases if purchased at different prices , and various other accounting purposes. In other words, the cost associated with the inventory that was purchased first is the cost expensed first.

### Exercise-3 (FIFO, LIFO and average cost method in periodic inventory system)

As inventory is usually purchased at different rates or manufactured at different costs over an accounting period, there is a need to determine what cost needs to be assigned to inventory. Inventory cost at the end of an accounting period may be determined in the following ways:. Therefore, inventory cost under FIFO method will be the cost of latest purchases. Consider the following example:. The sales made on January 5 and 10 were clearly made from purchases on 1st January. Of the sales made on January 25, it will be assumed that 2 bikes relate to purchases on January 1 whereas the remaining one bike has been issued from the purchases on 15th January.

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