File Name: milk processing and preservation .zip
- The Dairy Industry: Process, Monitoring, Standards, and Quality
- Optimum Thermal Processing for Extended Shelf-Life (ESL) Milk
- Drying of Milk and Milk Products
Robinson: Modern Dairy Technology pp Cite as. Milk is extremely perishable, yet for a number of reasons it is desirable to preserve it for later consumption.
Extended shelf-life ESL or ultra-pasteurized milk is produced by thermal processing using conditions between those used for traditional high-temperature, short-time HTST pasteurization and those used for ultra-high-temperature UHT sterilization. It should have a refrigerated shelf-life of more than 30 days. To achieve this, the thermal processing has to be quite intense.
The Dairy Industry: Process, Monitoring, Standards, and Quality
Robinson: Modern Dairy Technology pp Cite as. Milk is extremely perishable, yet for a number of reasons it is desirable to preserve it for later consumption. Today, drying is the most important method of preservation. The advantage is that using modern techniques, it is possible to convert the milk to powder without any loss in nutritive value, i.
The disadvantage is that drying consumes a lot of energy; in fact, no other process in the dairy industry has a higher energy demand per tonne of finished product. This is due to the fact that approximately 90 per cent of milk is water, and all the water has to be removed by evaporation using heat. Modern membrane techniques make it possible to remove some of the water mechanically, without heat, but this method has limitations so it is not widely used in practice. Nevertheless, the sharp increase in the cost of energy has caused significant developments in process and equipment, making it possible today to convert milk into powder with an energy consumption per tonne of finished product approximately half that required years ago.
Drying of Milk and Milk Products. Authors Authors and affiliations M. Knipschildt G. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Google Scholar. Challis, B. De Vilder, J. Milchwissenschaft , 31 7 , Milchwissenschaft , 34 2 , Hall, C. Harding, F. International Dairy Federation Leaver, G. Muir, D. Journal of the Society of Dairy Technology , 34 1 , CrossRef Google Scholar.
Journal of the Society of Dairy Technology , 24 1 , Pallansch, M. Robinson, R. Dairy Industries International , December, pp. Dairy Industries International , March. Rothery, G. The Australian Journal of Dairy Technology , 23 , Wright, N. Journal of Dairy Research , 4 , Further Reading Beaver, P. Journal of the Society of Dairy Technology , 37 2 , Palmer, K.
Knipschildt 1 G. Andersen 1 1. Personalised recommendations. Cite chapter How to cite? ENW EndNote. Buy options.
Optimum Thermal Processing for Extended Shelf-Life (ESL) Milk
The principal constituents of milk are water, fat, proteins, lactose milk sugar and minerals salts. Milk also contains trace amounts of other substances such as pigments, enzymes, vitamins, phospholipids substances with fatlike properties , and gases. The residue left when water and gases are removed is called the dry matter DM or total solids content of the milk. Milk is a very complex product. In order to describe the various constituents of milk and how they are affected by the various stages of treatment in the dairy, it is necessary to resort to chemical terminology. This chapter on the chemistry of milk therefore begins with a brief review of some basic chemical concepts.
Journal of Milk and Food Technology 1 January ; 15 2 : 74— To determine the effectiveness of freezing as a preservative of chocolate drink, three commercial samples processed as follows were used: Sample 1. Held in vat 20 min. Sample 2—Skimmilk heated in vat and 95 lb of chocolate syrup and 54 lb of sugar added gal of skimmilk. Sample 3. Samples were removed from storage at monthly intervals for determination of flavor and sedimentation.
PDF | This study was carried out to analyze traditional methods of milk processing and preservation by local farmers in Kashongi Sub County.
Drying of Milk and Milk Products
The heat used during the UHT process can cause Maillard browning and change the taste and smell of dairy products. UHT milk packaged in a sterile container has a typical unrefrigerated shelf life of six to nine months. In contrast, flash pasteurized milk has a shelf life of about two weeks from processing, or about one week from being put on sale.
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