Trade Practice And Consumer Protection Proclamation Pdf

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Proclamation No.

Trade Practice and Consumers’ Protection Proclamation No. 685/2010.

Proclamation No. Merger Directive No. This piece aims at giving a summary of the basic features of the two laws. It, thus, dwells on the objectives of the law, the prohibited activities, namely, abuse of dominance, anticompetitive agreements, merger that has significant impact on competition and acts of unfair competition. It also gives a brief account of the protections due to consumers.

Lastly, this work outlines the enforcement mechanisms that the law puts in place. Objectives and Scope of Application of the Proclamation. The Proclamation was issued with the objective of creating a competitive and free market that at the same time safeguards the interests of consumers.

More particularly, its aim is protecting the business community from anti-competitive and unfair practices, thereby accelerating economic development. Proscribed Anti-competitive Conduct. The law outlaws certain practices that are deemed anti-competitive. These are abuse of dominance, anti-competitive agreements, merger that has significant adverse impact on competition and acts of unfair competition.

The most salient prohibitions imposed by the law include the following. The law proscribes abuse of dominance that a business person may have in the market. Particularly, it prohibits every business person that may have a dominant position in the market either by himself or acting together with others from, for instance, limiting production, hoarding and selling at prices lower than the cost of production to harm competitors. It also prohibits directly or indirectly imposing unfair prices, and refusing to deal with others unjustifiably.

Besides, the law prohibits anti-competitive agreements, concerted practices and decisions by business persons and associations in a horizontal relationship. These are permissible if they are justified by technological or other pro-competitive gains that outweigh their anti-competitive effect. For instance, the joining of hands by two business organizations by pulling together part of their resources for the purpose of carrying on a certain commercial activity could be deemed as merger.

Similarly, the direct or indirect acquisition of shares, securities or assets of a business organization is deemed as merger. It will consider any remedial measures that may be taken to eliminate the adverse impact of the merger on competition. For this purpose, the businesses involved may be called upon to forward ideas. If measures to this end can be devised then the authority approves the merger subject to compliance with those conditions.

The Authority takes into account several factors in its determination of whether the merger has significant adverse impact on competition. These include: whether the transaction results in taking controlling interest in a business organization, the annual turnover of the business, assets, market share of the business, concentration of suppliers in the market and the relevant market itself. These include the considerations that follow. These standards are very subjective and difficult to quantify.

Besides, the directive is not clear regarding the relative weight to be accorded to the various considerations. In sum, a business person will not be able to predict the outcome of the assessment by looking at the standards the Directive has come up with. If that is any consolation, merger applicants with a combined annual turnover, asset or registered capital below ETB 30, , thirty million are not subject to an assessment study.

The law prohibits acts of unfair competition. The acts that are, thus, outlawed include those listed below. Consumer Protection. The Proclamation contains several provisions that aim at the protection of consumers. They also require the affixing of labels on goods being sold, prohibit false or misleading advertisements and other conduct that is likely to adversely affect consumers.

Besides, under the Proclamation, a consumer has, without prejudice to warranties or more advantageous contractual terms, the right to demand from the seller in case of defective goods for a replacement or refund of the price paid. Similarly, the consumer has, in case of defective service, the right to demand re-delivery of the service free of charge or refund of the fee paid.

Failure to refund or provide replacement for defective goods may also engender the duty to pay compensation where such failure has caused damage.

Mechanisms for Enforcement. The Proclamation has come up with an institutional mechanism to ensure its full implementation. It entrusts the Authority with the overall implementation of the Proclamation. The judicial body can order administrative measures, impose fine and even award compensation to victims of anti-competitive behavior and consumers, as the case may be. In contrast to this, some jurisdictions give private citizens incentive to participate in the enforcement of competition law. Under the United States completion law [29] , for example, an innocent party to an agreement that breaches competition law, and for that matter a third party that has been injured by the wrongful competition, is entitled to not only compensatory but also treble punitive damages.

A person aggrieved by the decision of the judicial bench within the Authority may appeal to the Federal Appellate Tribunal also established by the Proclamation. The decisions of this Appellate Tribunal are final on questions of fact. An appeal lies to the Federal Supreme Court on matters of law. A horizontal relationship is a type of relationship that exists between competing business persons that operate a certain market.

In contrast, vertical relationship exists between business persons and their consumers or suppliers or both. Other provisions of the Proclamation in, Articles 14 to 26 require access to information, labelling of goods, prohibition against hording and the like in order to protect consumers. Breach of some provisions of the proclamation could attract rigorous imprisonment of upto seven years according to Article 43 2. Criminal action is instituted by the prosecutors of the Authority before an ordinary court.

The administrative measures it can take include the suspension and even revocation of business license of the offender according to Article 32 2 c. Whatever they do business firms take taxation as a serious consideration. This is more so in Ethiopia as the taxation system could prove a minefield.

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Skip to content. Seyoum Yohannes October 5, Introduction Proclamation No. Objectives and Scope of Application of the Proclamation The Proclamation was issued with the objective of creating a competitive and free market that at the same time safeguards the interests of consumers.

Proscribed Anti-competitive Conduct The law outlaws certain practices that are deemed anti-competitive. Consumer Protection The Proclamation contains several provisions that aim at the protection of consumers.

Mechanisms for Enforcement The Proclamation has come up with an institutional mechanism to ensure its full implementation. Share on facebook Facebook. Share on twitter Twitter. Share on linkedin LinkedIn. Other Practice Area. Restructuring and Insolvency We support our clients on all aspects of business rescue, restructuring and insolvency. Tax Whatever they do business firms take taxation as a serious consideration. Need help?

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Consumer Protection Law in Ethiopia: The Normative Regime and the Way Forward

Consumer protection is the practice of safeguarding buyers of goods and services, and the public, against unfair practices in the marketplace. Consumer protection measures are often established by law. Such laws are intended to prevent businesses from engaging in fraud or specified unfair practices in order to gain an advantage over competitors or to mislead consumers. They may also provide additional protection for the general public which may be impacted by a product or its production even when they are not the direct purchaser or consumer of that product. For example, government regulations may require businesses to disclose detailed information about their products—particularly in areas where public health or safety is an issue, such as with food or automobiles. Consumer protection is linked to the idea of consumer rights and to the formation of consumer organizations, which help consumers make better choices in the marketplace and pursue complaints against businesses.

The Civil Code of Ethiopia and other laws have been providing a certain level of protection to consumers until the enactment of laws — in and — that expressly deal with consumer protection. This article examines consumer protection in Ethiopia with prime attention to the Trade Competition and Consumer Protection Proclamation No. Moreover, the article briefly deals with the way forward regarding consumer enablement as a path to the effective implementation of consumer rights to choice, safety, information and redress. It is argued that the articulation of specific consumer laws can hardly be implemented unless consumers are adequately empowered to secure their rights and entitlements through effective redress which should include public interest litigation, class action and enhanced civil society engagement. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Fetha Nagast , Section V, Paragraph 2.

Citizens can control their government only if they remain informed about the decisions their government officials are making. That important principle underlies Washington's open public records law. With legislative authorization the Proclamation has been extended. Regarding the PRA, the proclamation clarifies and suspends several PRA requirements during the current health crisis:. The Office of the Attorney General will continue to accept public records requests by way of the following methods to submit a request:. By email to publicrecords atg.

Competition and Consumer Protection Laws of Ethiopia: A Bird’s-Eye View

The Trade Practices and Consumer Protection Authority is the regulatory body which also have judicial mandate, oversees the implementation of the law. The law regulates trade practices by protecting businesses from anti-competitive and unfair trade practices to ensure a competitive business environment. The law seeks to protect consumers by preventing the circulation of goods and services that could adversely affect the health and safety of consumers and ensuring their suitability for human consumption.

The Trade Practices and Consumer Protection Authority is the regulatory body which also have judicial mandate, oversees the implementation of the law. The law regulates trade practices by protecting businesses from anti-competitive and unfair trade practices to ensure a competitive business environment. The law seeks to protect consumers by preventing the circulation of goods and services that could adversely affect the health and safety of consumers and ensuring their suitability for human consumption. It also tries to create the possibility that consumers get goods and services commensurate to the price they pay.

This resource is periodically updated for necessary changes due to legal, market, or practice developments. Significant developments affecting this resource will be described below. What's on Practical Law? Show less Show more.

Consumer protection

Ethiopian Trade Practice and Consumer Protection Laws

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In this chapter, unless the context requires a different definition,. A official use of the state seal or a representation of the state seal in a state function;. B use of the state seal or a representation of the state seal for a political purpose by an elected official of this state;. C use of the state seal or a representation of the state seal in an encyclopedia, dictionary, book, journal, pamphlet, periodical, magazine, or newspaper incident to a description or history of seals, coats of arms, heraldry, or this state;.

Legal system

Consumer protection is the practice of safeguarding buyers of goods and services, and the public, against unfair practices in the marketplace. Consumer protection measures are often established by law. Such laws are intended to prevent businesses from engaging in fraud or specified unfair practices in order to gain an advantage over competitors or to mislead consumers. They may also provide additional protection for the general public which may be impacted by a product or its production even when they are not the direct purchaser or consumer of that product. For example, government regulations may require businesses to disclose detailed information about their products—particularly in areas where public health or safety is an issue, such as with food or automobiles. Consumer protection is linked to the idea of consumer rights and to the formation of consumer organizations, which help consumers make better choices in the marketplace and pursue complaints against businesses. Entities that promote consumer protection include government organizations such as the Federal Trade Commission in United States , self-regulating business organizations such as the Better Business Bureaus in the US, Canada, England, etc.

Doing business in Ethiopia: overview

Плечи Беккера обмякли. - А на этот рейс были свободные места. - Сколько угодно, - улыбнулась женщина.

Он засмеялся. Ведь пилот может радировать Стратмору. Усмехнувшись, Беккер еще раз посмотрелся в зеркало и поправил узел галстука. Он уже собрался идти, как что-то в зеркале бросилось ему в. Он повернулся: из полуоткрытой двери в кабинку торчала сумка Меган.

 Кто это такие? - переминаясь с ноги на ногу, спросил Бринкерхофф. - Всевидящее око, - сказал Фонтейн, вглядываясь в лица людей, которых он отправил в Испанию. Это была вынужденная мера.

3 Response
  1. Selbluhyligh

    unfair market practices, and also consumers from misleading Protection Proclamation No. /". 2. 9/ "unfair trade practice" means any act in violation.

  2. Bart U.

    This Proclamation may be cited as the “Trade Competition and Consumers “​unfair trade practice” means any act in violation of provisions of trade related laws;.

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