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Book Summary: Updated with the latest advances in the field, Jerry FitzGerald, Alan Dennis, and Alexandra Durcikova's 12th Edition of Business Data Communications and Networking , continues to provide the fundamental concepts and cutting-edge coverage of applications that students need to succeed in their careers. Authors FitzGerald, Dennis, and Durcikova have developed a foundation and balanced presentation from which new technologies and applications can be easily understood, evaluated, and compared. Textbooks Unfor. Assignment Calendar. Free Download!

Data Communication and Networks

Resource Sharing means to make all programs, data and peripherals available to anyone on the network irrespective of the physical location of the resources and the user. Reliability means to keep the copy of a file on two or more different machines, so if one of them is unavailable due to some hardware crash or any other them its other copy can be used. Communication Medium means one can send messages and whatever the changes at one end are done can be immediately noticed at another.

The main objective of ARPANET was to develop a network that could continue to function efficiently even in the event of a nuclear attack. It is not owned by anybody. Circuit Switching : In the Circuit Switching technique, first, the complete end-to-end transmission path between the source and the destination computers is established and then the message is transmitted through the path. The main advantage of this technique is guaranteed delivery of the message.

Mostly used for voice communication. Message Switching : In the Message switching technique, no physical path is established between sender and receiver in advance.

This technique follows the store and forward mechanism. Packet Switching : In this switching technique fixed size of packet can be transmitted across the network. Transmission media: 1. Twisted pair cable : — It consists of two identical 1 mm thick copper wires insulated and twisted together. The twisted pair cables are twisted in order to reduce crosstalk and electromagnetic induction. Co-axial Cables: It consists of a solid wire core surrounded by one or more foil or braided wire shields, each separated from the other by some kind of plastic insulator.

It is mostly used in the cable wires. Optical fiber : — An optical fiber consists of thin glass fibers that can carry information in the form of visible light. Infrared : — The infrared light transmits data through the air and can propagate throughout a room, but will not penetrate walls. It is a secure medium of signal transmission.

The infrared transmission has become common in TV remotes, automotive garage doors, wireless speakers etc. Radio Wave : — Radio Wave an electromagnetic wave with a wavelength between 0. The transmission making use of radio frequencies is termed as radio-wave transmission. Microwave Wave : — The Microwave transmission is a line of sight transmission. Microwave signals travel at a higher frequency than radio waves and are popularly used for transmitting data over long distances.

Satellite link : — The satellite transmission is also a kind of line of sight transmission that is used to transmit signals throughout the world. There are two types of modems, namely, internal modem and external modem.

RJ45 connector: — The RJ Registered Jack connectors are the plug-in devices used in the networking and telecommunications applications.

They are used primarily for connecting LANs, particularly Ethernet. Ethernet Card : — It is a hardware device that helps in connection of nodes within a network. Hub: A hub is a hardware device used to connect several computers together. Hubs can be either active or passive. Hubs usually can support 8, 12 or 24 RJ45 ports. Switch: A switch switching hub is a network device which is used to interconnect computers or devices on a network.

It filters and forwards data packets across a network. The main difference between hub and switch is that hub replicates what it receives on one port onto all the other ports while switch keeps a record of the MAC addresses of the devices attached to it.

Repeater: A repeater is a network device that amplifies and restores signals for long distance transmission.

Topology refers to the way in which the workstations attached to the network are interconnected. Each computer performs its task of sending messages without the help of the central server. However, only one workstation can transmit a message at a particular time in the bus topology. A STAR topology is common in homes networks where all the computers connect to the single central computer using it as a hub. It consists of groups of star — configured workstations connected to a bus backbone cable.

It is generally limited to a geographic area such as writing lab, school or building. It is generally privately owned networks over a distance not more than 5 Km. WAN Wide Area Network : These are the networks spread over large distances, say across countries or even continents through cabling or satellite uplinks are called WAN.

It generally covers a range of less than 10 meters. Personal Area Networks can be constructed with cables or wirelessly. TCP — is responsible for verifying the correct delivery of data from client to server. Data can be lost in the intermediate network. TCP adds support to detect errors or lost data and to trigger retransmission until the data is correctly and completely received.

IP — is responsible for moving packet of data from node to node. IP forwards each packet based on a four byte destination address the IP number. The Internet authorities assign ranges of numbers to different organizations. The organizations assign groups of their numbers to departments. IP operates on gateway machines that move data from department to organization to region and then around the world.

It is an older internet utility that lets us log on to remote computer system. It also facilitates for terminal emulation purpose.

Terminal emulation means using a pc like a mainframe computer through networking. Mobile computing means that the computing device is not continuously connected to the base or central network. In covered areas, cell phone users can buy one phone that will work any where the standard is supported.

It uses narrowband TDMA, which allows eight simultaneous calls on the same radio frequency. CDMA does not assign a specific frequency to each user. Instead ,every channel uses the full available spectrum. WLL is a system that connects subscribers to the public switched telephone network using radio signals as a substitute for other connecting media.

Video Conferencing : a two way videophone conversation among multiple participants is called video conferencing. Two computers are said to be interconnected if they are capable of sharing and exchanging information.

Advantages: i It is easy to install and maintain. Advantages: i Data transmission rate is better than twisted pair cables. Disadvantages: i Expensive than twisted pair cables. Advantages : i Transmit data over long distance with high security. Disadvantages : i Expensive as compared to other guided media.

Disadvantages: i Radio wave communication is insecure communication. Advantages: i It is cheaper than laying cable or fiber. Disadvantages: i Microwave communication is an insecure communication. Advantages : i Area covered is quite large.

Disadvantages :- i Very expensive as compared to other transmission mediums. Gateway : A gateway is a device that connects dissimilar networks. Network topologies and types Topology : Topology refers to the way in which the workstations attached to the network are interconnected. Advantages : i Easy to connect and install. Disadvantages :- i The entire network shuts down if there is a failure in the central cable.

Advantages : i Easy to troubleshoot ii A single node failure does not affect the entire network. Disadvantages:- i Difficult to expand. Advantages : i Eliminates network congestion. Disadvantages: i Uses large cable length. It defines the standardized format for data packets, techniques for detecting and correcting errors and so on. Types of protocols are: 1. HTTP 2. FTP 3. A client is the end-user; the server is the web site.

To encourage indirect or implicit use of remote computers. To transfer data reliably, and efficiently. Telnet It is an older internet utility that lets us log on to remote computer system. WLL Wireless in Local Loop : WLL is a system that connects subscribers to the public switched telephone network using radio signals as a substitute for other connecting media.

Email Electronic Mail : Email is sending and receiving messages by computer. Chat: Online textual talk in real time , is called Chatting. Next Communication and Networking — Short Notes

Data Communications and Networking By Behrouz A.Forouzan

Popular forms of information include text, numbers, pictures, audio, and … Data Communication and Networking, First Edition provides a solid, thorough overview of data communications and networking for Engineering Technology programs. Second Edition. Ppt video online download. Data Representation Data representation is defined as the methods used to represent information in computers. Forouzan - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation. Digital signal is a sequence of voltage represented in binary form.

Data Communication and Networks

We provide complete data communication and networking pdf. Data Communication and Networking lecture notes include data communication and networking notes, data communication and networking book , data communication and networking courses, data communication and networking syllabus , d ata communication and networking question paper , MCQ, case study, questions and answers and available in data communication and networking pdf form. So, students can able to download data communication and networking notes pdf. Data Communication and Networking Notes can be downloaded in data communication and networking pdf from the below article.

Define the term Computer Networks. A Computer network is a number if computers interconnected by one or more transmission paths. The transmission path often is the telephone line, due to its convenience and universal preserve. Define Data Communication.

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Mar 20, - Data communication and networking research paper.

Data Communication and Computer Network Note pdf download - handwrittenLectureNotes for free

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Data Communication and Computer Network

Есть математическая гарантия, что рано или поздно ТРАНСТЕКСТ отыщет нужный пароль. - Простите. - Шифр не поддается взлому, - сказал он безучастно. Не поддается. Сьюзан не могла поверить, что это сказал человек, двадцать семь лет работавший с шифрами.

 Халохот ликвидировал его с помощью НТП - непроникающей травматической пули. Это резиновая капсула, которая при попадании растворяется. Все тихо и чисто. Перед сердечным приступом мистер Танкадо не почувствовал ничего, кроме легкого укола. - Травматическая пуля, - задумчиво повторил Беккер.

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4 Response
  1. BrГ­gida L.

    Resource Sharing means to make all programs, data and peripherals available to anyone on the network irrespective of the physical location of the resources and the user.

  2. Alice H.

    Number of systems connected in LAN may vary from as least as two to as much as 16 million. 2. TYPES OF COMPUTER NETWORKS. Page Data.

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